Glossary of terms

This section is still under construction


Bursa: a bodily pouch or sac: as a : a small serous sac between a tendon and a bone


Bursitis : inflammation of a bursa


Cervical:  refers to the 7 spinal vertabrae that make up the neck


Computed tomography: radiography in which a three-dimensional image of a body structure is constructed by computer from a series of plane cross-sectional images made along an axis -- abbreviation CT


Core exercises


Disc: any of the tough elastic disks that are interposed between the centra of adjoining vertebrae and that consist of an outer annulus fibrosus enclosing an inner nucleus pulposus


Disc herniation   


Epidural steroid injection


Facet: a smooth flat or nearly flat circumscribed anatomical surface <the articular facet of a bone>


Facet injection / block


Kyphosis: exaggerated outward curvature of the thoracic region of the spinal column resulting in a rounded upper back -- compare


Lordosis: exaggerated forward curvature of the lumbar and cervical regions of the spinal column




MRI: a noninvasive diagnostic technique that produces computerized images of internal body tissues and is based on nuclear magnetic resonance of atoms within the body induced by the application of radio waves -- called also MRI


Radiculopathy: any pathological condition of the nerve roots


Sprain: a sudden or violent twist or wrench of a joint causing the stretching or tearing of ligaments and often rupture of blood vessels with hemorrhage into the tissues; also : the condition resulting from a sprain that is usually marked by swelling, inflammation, hemorrhage, and discoloration --


Strain:     bodily injury from excessive tension, effort, or use <heart strain>; especially : one resulting from a wrench or twist and involving undue stretching of muscles or ligaments


A tearing injury to ligaments. Sprains can be minor, with only a slight stress to the ligament or may be severe with total separation of a ligament that supports a joint.


Tendon: a tough cord or band of dense white fibrous connective tissue that unites a muscle with some other part, transmits the force which the muscle exerts, and is continuous with the connective-tissue epimysium and perimysium of the muscle and when inserted into a bone with the periosteum of the bone


Tendinitis:   inflammation of a tendon




Trigger point: