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Types of Chiropractic Care
The number of treatments required to effectively help a patient is very individual. There are many factors that may influence a person’s recovery. For example, the individual's healthcare goals, overall health status, severity of the injury, how long the problem has been present, fulfillment of home/office therapies, and how many prior injuries have occurred.
Some patients simply seek relief from their immediate pain and may require only a few treatments, whereas others prefer to experience optimum health and require more intensive and comprehensive care. The decision is always up to the patient.
Some people make chiropractic adjustments part of their routine health maintenance, although the value of this type of care has not been scientifically investigated.
There are four major types of chiropractic care - Acute Care, Remobilization, Reactivation and Rehabilitation
Acute care is provided during the first few days following an injury. It is intended to relieve pain, inflammation and muscle spasm. Therapeutic modalities such as ice, electrical muscle stimulation and ultrasound may be used to help achieve these results.
Remobilization is that stage of treatment directed at restoring optimal mobility and flexibility to a patient’s joints and muscles. Spinal manipulation (adjustments) and muscle release techniques are often used to accomplish these goals.
Reactivation care is when exercises and flexibility training are introduced into the treatment program. Scientific studies have shown that early introduction of exercise in the treatment process facilitates more rapid recovery from an injury and helps to prevent recurrences.
Rehabilitation is the stage of care when more intensive training is necessary. This is the time when coordination, strength and endurance are emphasized. The goal of rehabilitation is to prevent recurrence of symptoms and re-injury. The ultimate objective of this treatment is to teach patients how to control their own symptoms and condition through exercise and correct posture. Depending on the patient's needs, one area may be emphasized.
After a patient has completed active care and has been discharged, supportive care may be indicated.